The young people in our programs also took a test, the DASS, to measure depression, anxiety and stress.
While nearly half of the 660 clients who filled out this questionnaire indicated a least mild problems in these areas, the percentages who felt these problems were for them “severe” or “extremely severe” was much smaller.
|Depression||20.6 percent||9.5 percent|
|Anxiety||20.5 percent||12.4 percent|
|Stress||12 percent||5.26 percent|
At the six month follow-up, scores continued to drop in all these areas except stress for the boys, which increased slightly, though the scores were in the mild range. Depression and anxiety were, on average for both boys and girls, squarely in the middle of the “normal” range. Not all of these changes were statistically significant, but they do show a clear real improvement.
- Russell, K.C.(2007). Adolescence substance use treatment: Service delivery, research on effectiveness, and emerging treatment alternatives. Journal of Groups in Addiction and Recovery,2(2-4), 68-96.
- Russell, K.C. (2006). Depressive symptom and substance use frequency outcome in outdoor behavioral healthcare. Technical Report 1, December 2006, Outdoor Behavioral Healthcare Research Cooperative, College of Education and Human Development, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN. 62 pp.